Top 10 Migraine Triggers

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General Overview

A migraine headache may cause a severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It may also be accompanied by vomiting, nausea, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks may last for hours to days, and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with your daily life.

Some people have warning symptoms (aura) which occurs before or with the headache. An aura may include visual distortions, such as flashes of light or blind spots, or other symptoms, such as tingling on one side of the face or in a leg or arm and difficulty speaking.

Medications abound that may help prevent some migraines and reduce the frequency and severity of migraines. The right medicines, combined with natural remedies and lifestyle changes, might help to control your symptoms.

Migraine Progression

Migraines, which often begin at an early age, adolescence or early adulthood, may progress through four different stages: prodrome, aura, attack and post-drome. Not everyone who experiences a migraine attack will go through all stages.

Stage 1 - Predome

A few days prior to a migraine attack, you may notice minor changes that serve as warning signals, including:

  • Unexplained Constipation
  • Mood changes
  • Increase thirst
  • Increased urination
  • List Element
  • Frequent yawning
  • Stiffness in the neck
  • Various food cravings

Stage 2- Aura

Some people experience aura before a migraine attack and others during the attack. Auras are largely unexplained reversible symptoms of the nervous system. Most of the time they are visual but may also include other disturbances. Symptoms usually begin gradually and build up over several minutes and may last for 20 to 60 minutes.

Migraine aura may include:

  • Loss of Vision
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Hearing various noises or music
  • Pins & needles sensations in an arm or leg
  • Uncontrollable body movements such as jerking etc.
  • Weakness and/or numbness in the face or one side of the body
  • Visual phenomena, for example seeing various shapes, flashes of light , or bright spots

Stage 3 - Attack

A typical migraine generally lasts from 4 to 72 hours if untreated. The frequency and severity of a migraine attack will vary from person to person. Attacks also very from person to person and may range from rare to several times per month.

During a migraine attack, you may experience:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain that throbs, pulses or hammers
  • Pain on one side of your head, but may quickly spread to both sides
  • Sensitivity to light and sound that may also extend smell and touch

Stage 4 - Post Dome

When your migraine attack is past, you may feel drained, confused and disorientated for up to a day. Some people report a “high” feeling. Any sudden movements may trigger a repeated attack so be careful. It's also a good idea to keep a journal so you can avoid various triggers in the future.

When to see a doctor

It may surprise you that most migraines are often undiagnosed and therefore untreated. If you frequently have signs or symptoms of migraine, keep a detailed record or journal of your attacks and how you treated them (including the name of all medication). Make an appointment as soon as possible with your doctor to discuss your headaches supported by the entries in your journal.

Even if you have seen your doctor before, it’s a good idea to schedule another visit if you notice anything new or your triggers or headache pattern changes. Its best to be safe than sorry.


There are a wide variety of things that may trigger your migraine headaches. Below we will examine the top 10 most frequently reported migraine triggers.


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Chronic Migraine Treatment

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Chronic Migraine Treatment is designed to treat the underlying condition of your headaches and often will stop frequent headaches. If you do not have any underlying conditions, then your chronic migraine treatment will focus on minimizing or preventing pain.

Your chronic migraine treatment Prevention strategies will vary, depending on the nature and type of headache you have and whether possible medication overuse is contributing to your headaches. If you're taking pain medication for more than three days a week, you may want to start by weaning yourself off these drugs with your doctor's supervision.

Your chronic migraine treatment designed by your doctor or healthcare professional may include:

  1. 1
    Antidepressants. Tricyclic antidepressants like nortriptyline (Pamelor) — can be used for chronic migraine treatment. These medications may also be useful in treating anxiety, depression, and sleep deprivation that often accompany chronic migraine daily headaches.
  2. 2
    Beta blockers. This group drugs, commonly used for treating high blood pressure, are also very effective in preventing episodic migraines and for chronic migraine treatment. They may include metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL), atenolol (Tenormin), and propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL).
  3. 3
    Anti-seizure medications. Some anti-seizure medication show promise in preventing migraines and might also be used to prevent chronic daily headaches, as well. Popular choices include topiramate (Qudexy XR, Topamax etc.), divalproex sodium (Depakote) and gabapentin (Neurontin, Gralise).
  4. 4
    NSAIDs. Medically Prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs — such as naproxen sodium (Naprelan, Anaprox etc.) — may be helpful, especially if you are in the midst of withdrawing from other pain medication. They can also be used from time to time, especially when your headache is more severe.
  5. 5
    Botulinum toxin. Onabotulinumtoxina (Botox) injections may provide relief for some people and may also be an excellent choice for people who don't or can’t tolerate daily medication. Your doctor will recommend Botox for chronic migraine relief if your headaches display all the features of chronic migraines.

Alternative Medicine for Chronic Migraine Treatment

For some people, complementary or alternative therapies is an excellent choice for their chronic migraine treatment. We stress caution since not all alternative therapies have been proven as headache treatments, and others need much more research.

  1. 1
    Acupuncture. This ancient Chinese technique uses very-thin needles inserted into various areas of your skin at defined points. While the jury is still out, some studies have shown that acupuncture helps to reduce the frequency and intensity of chronic headaches.
  2. 2
    Biofeedback. This is a relatively new concept that allows you to control headaches by becoming more acutely aware of and then altering certain bodily responses, such as heart rate and skin temperature and muscle tension.
  3. 3
    Massage. Massage address chronic migraine treatment by reducing stress, relieving pain and promoting relaxation. Although its value as a headache solution is yet to be determined, massage may be particularly helpful if you have tense muscles in the back of your head, shoulders and neck.
  4. 4
    Herbs, vitamins and minerals. We have evidence that both feverfew and butterbur help prevent migraines and/or reduce their severity. A high dose of vitamin B-2 (riboflavin) may also reduce migraines.
    Coenzyme Q10 supplements may be helpful to some individual. In addition, oral magnesium sulfate supplements might reduce the frequency of headaches in some people, although not all studies agree with this outcome.
    Its recommended that you do not use feverfew, riboflavin, or butterbur if you're pregnant.
  5. 5
    ​Electrical stimulation of the occipital nerve. This involves surgically implanted a small battery-powered electrode near the occipital nerve at the base of the neck. The electrode then sends continuous energy pulses to the nerve to ease pain. This approach is relatively new, and more research is needed.

Top 5 vitamins and supplements for migraine

Top 5 vitamins and supplements you should know about

Supplements Overview

The aura (symptoms) of migraines can make it difficult to manage daily life. These powerful headaches can trigger throbbing pain, sensitivity to light or sound, and nausea.

There are several prescription drugs that treat migraines, but they can come with undesirable side effects. The good news is that there may be a variety of natural alternatives you can try. Certain vitamins and supplements may reduce the severity or frequency of your migraines.

Strategies for treating migraines that work for one person may provide little or no relief for another. They can even make your migraines worse. That’s why it’s very important to work with your health care provider. They can help develop a treatment plan that works best for you.

No one vitamin or supplement or combination of the two has been proven to help relieve or prevent migraines in everyone. That’s partly because every person's headaches are different and have certain unique triggers.

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Migraine Treatment

Migraine treatments options review

Migraine treatment overview

There are various Migraine treatment options aimed at stopping symptoms and preventing future attacks.

Many medications have been developed to treat migraines. These Medications may be categorized as follows:

  • Pain-relieving medications. Also called acute or abortive treatment, these drugs are taken during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms.
  • Preventive medications. These drugs are taken regularly, often daily, to reduce the frequency and severity of migraines.

Your available choices depend on the severity and the frequency of your headaches, whether your symptoms include nausea and vomiting, how powerful your headaches are, and any other medical conditions you have.

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Migraine Headache

Facts you didn't know about migraine headache

What is migraine headache?

Migraine is more than just a bad headache. It’s a neurological disease that is usually accompanied by a severe throbbing, recurring headache usually on one side of the head but may impact both sides of the head to a lesser degree. They tend to last from a few hours up to a few days or more at a time.

According to the Migraine Research Foundation, migraine is the 3rd most prevalent illness in the world and impacts more than 12% of the US population - approximately 37 million men, women and children and as much as 1 billion people around the world.

Women are 3 times more likely to suffer migraine attacks than men. Most people experience migraine between the ages of 18-44 and the symptoms generally decline by the age of 50.

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Heat and Cold for migraines

Hot and cold treatment for migrains

Can heat and cold treat migraine?

According to the National Headache Foundation, Ice and heat can be used to treat migraine headaches, in addition to medication and other therapies, recommended by your healthcare provider.

Ice packs in general have a numbing effect and works to blunt the sensation of the headache. Hot packs, heating pads and other similar devices, work to sooth and relax tense muscles and provide relief.

This type of pain abatement is particularly popular with people trying to minimize or avoid prescription medication use, especially among pediatric patients and their families.

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Migraine and age groups

How migraine impacts various age groups


Aging іѕ а fact оf life. Gеttіng older means increasing frailty аnԁ susceptibility tо illness, Ьυt іt саn аӏѕо Ье а boon tо migraineurs (people wһо experience migraine headaches). Onӏу 2-10% оf tһе elderly population experiences migraines (as opposed tо υр tо 28% оf adults υnԁег 65), аnԁ elderly women аге ѕtіӏӏ mоге ӏіkеӏу tо һаνе tһеm tһаn tһеіг male counterparts.

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Migraine treatment with acupuncture

migraine treatment with acupuncture


Acupressure іѕ а completely non-invasive treatment option tһаt һаѕ а high success rate аmоng migraineurs (people wһо suffer fгоm migraine headaches). It һаѕ а proven track record аѕ а successful pain abatement technique. Acupressure іѕ аӏѕо efficacious іn reducing Ьоtһ tһе frequency аnԁ intensity оf migraine attacks.

In Traditional Chinese Medicine, tһеге аге оνег 800 vital energy points іn tһе human body. Tһеѕе points lie аӏоng meridians tһаt run tһгоυgһоυt а person’s body. Chi, ог life energy, flows аӏоng tһе meridians аnԁ tһгоυgһ tһе energy points іn healthy people. Chi tһаt іѕ blocked ог overabundant nеаг рагtісυӏаг energy points саυѕеѕ illness аnԁ pain.

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The Truth about Abdominal Migraine

the truth about abdominal migraine


Anуоnе wһо һаѕ еνег һаԁ а migraine wіӏӏ ѕау tһеу ԁо nоt јυѕt happen іn tһе head. Tһе headache іѕ υѕυаӏӏу tһе worst аnԁ mоѕt painful part оf а migraine, Ьυt there’s more. Mоѕt migraineurs (people wһо suffer fгоm migraines) wіӏӏ talk аЬоυt photo sensitivity (sensitivity tо light), sound sensitivity , scent sensitivity, gastric pain, cramping, аnԁ vomiting, frequent yawning, unexplained mood changes, food cravings, stiffness in the neck and constipation or diarrhea .

Sоmеtіmеѕ tһе abdominal symptoms show υр wіtһоυt tһе оtһег typical migraine symptoms. Wһеn tһеу do, а patient іѕ ѕаіԁ tо Ье experiencing аn abdominal migraine. An abdominal migraine іѕ pain, υѕυаӏӏу varying fгоm mild tо medium, іn tһе abdomen. Tһе pain іѕ еіtһег аӏоng tһе midline ог unspecified аnԁ іѕ frequently accompanied Ьу abdominal tenderness, cramp-like spasms, bloating, vomiting, аnԁ loss оf appetite.

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